he lived, but whose 鏉窞娲楁荡鐢ㄥ搧 wide spirit would embrace all Christendom, and who would be able to send into France, the Low Countries, England, Poland, and wherever it became necessary, the words of wisdom and of faith.
Calvin taught not only by his words but by his example. He might have been 鏉窞妗戞嬁鎸夋懇瀵绘璁?able, by softening down some expressions in the Gospel, to remain in the palace of the dukes of Este, and to enjoy the favor of princes. But if he required fidelity and renunciation in Roussel, he first possessed them himself. He made the sacrifices to which he invited others, and was ready to exchange the pleasures 鏉窞瓒虫荡鑳告帹 and brilliancy of a court for the horrors of a prison, or of a flight environed with danger. Calvin remained firm, as ‘seeing Him who is invisible,’ and preferred to be afflicted with the people of God rather than
have a part in the joys of the great ones 鏉窞淇濆仴鎸夋懇淇℃伅 of the earth. This spirit of self-denial characterized him to the last. The friend of princes, the councillor of kings, he lived humbly, having scarcely the means of supplying the ordinary wants of life.
=CALVIN’S INFLUENCE IN ITALY.=
It is said that Calvin visited 鏉窞瓒虫荡鍚?Padua, Venice, and even Rome; but it does not appear that history can accept this tradition. It is probable that all the time he spent beyond the Alps was passed near the Duchess Ren茅e. His influence, however, extended beyond the palaces and the principality of the dukes of Este. One of the men who may be considered 鏉窞鎸夋懇鏈嶅姟瀹夊叏涔坱he best judges, one of the literary historians of the peninsula, the jesuit Tiraboschi, declares that Calvin’s sojourn at the court of Ferrara was more injurious to Italy than all the soldiers, active disciples of Luther, who propagated his doctrines there.[8鏉窞娲楁荡鏈嶅姟 08]
And yet Calvin scarcely quitted Ferrara. Just when the star of Ariosto, which had shone over that city, had set, and when that of Tasso was about to appear, the star of Calvin shone there with a purer light than that of the bard of Orlando or of Godfrey. But the faithful Christian could not long remain in the bosom of worldliness and popery without suffering from their violent attacks. Calvin’s sojourn was about to end in a tragic and unexpected manner.
Duke Hercules of Este had remarked that certain changes had taken 鏉窞姘寸枟鍏ㄥ浼氭墍 place since the arrival of the Frenchman. Calvin’s discussion with François the chaplain could not be kept secret. Borgia’s grandson knew that the pope, under the pretence of heresy, might deprive him of his states; already his father, Duke Alphonso, through 鏉窞娲楁荡鎸夋懇浼氭墍 being on bad terms with Rome, had passed many years in exile. The Inquisition had a tribunal at Ferrara, and what was going on at court was more than enough to alarm it. A report had been made to the pope; Charles V. had been informed; and Paul III. proposed a treaty to the duke, in which there was a secret article stipulating the removal of all the French then at Ferrara; but there was one among them for whom a severer fate was reserved. The duke, retracting the indulgence he had conceded to his wife, declared
that he was resolved to put an